File comment: Grimarum,63 years
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Name:Carlos Silva Grimarum
Background history:Born in 1886,in the small city of Jandaia do Sul,Parana,South of Brazil, son of Italian immigrants,was raised in a farm until he was 9.Always heard from his family that the land and what it gives is all everyone needs. Sent to the city of Curitiba to study,he saw another perspective,a urban perspective.He was enrolled in a religious school,what made him a fervorous religious.But this do not made him a priest,he always found the laws of God a bit...harsh for our time.Instead he took interest in the laws of the man,which made him seek the Federal University of Parana at the age of 30,in 1916.Six years later,he gratuaued in Laws and its applications,with good grades and a Honor of Merit.Was appointed as Judge of Parana and the Republic representative for the state in June,1925.And what a hell of years was to come in the next 15 years.In October of 1929,he lost 40% of his wealth in The Great Crash of '29.Worked hard to process all those bankruptcy declarations that came in the next two months.The elections of 29 will had pass him in blank,if it wasn't for a letter he received in december.In this letter,sent by Supreme Federal Tribune( the equivalent of the Supreme Court),informing that he was to recognize the campaign of Getúlio Vargas,as no other Republic Representative was deemed honored enough for this.Signing the letter,he was informed the the candidate himself,Vargas,was to be interviewed by him in January.This was the moment that would change his life.
File comment: Getúlio Vargas,27 years.
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When Vargas arrived at his cabinet,it was raining,and a cold fog was forming into the town,strange for a 24 of January.Vargas asked his name,and was promptly given his answer."Carlos Silva Grimarum,but call me on Carlos".And Vargas answered,with a firm voice:"You shall be treated and called as you deserve,and do not let anyone,even a president, do otherwise,Your excellency Grimarum".
Shocked by this answer,but with a quick response,he said:" your excellency can only be used in the Court,so,for the sake of formalities,just call me Mr.Grimarum,Mr.Vargas".
After about an hour of conversation,Vargas stood up and said:"Since the start of this campaign,no one have treated me in a equal level of honor,and you did that by calling me mister,and made me call you mister too.I admire that." Giving Grimarum a firm,strong handshake,Vargas left the cabinet.After signing the papers that recognized Vargas candidature,he locked his office,and left home.
In the next day, news were given around the country that destroyed the political situation.In a surprising move,the Partido Paulista confirmed the candidature of Julio Prestes,Sao Paulo candidate,instead of Antonio Carlos Ribeiro de Andrada,Minas Gerais candidate,with broke the "Milk and Coffee politics",forcing the break of Minas and Sao Paulo in the elections.Minas,along with Paraiba,made an alliance with Rio Grande do Sul,to elect Vargas as president.The people were expecting a close election,and in the first of March,1930 the elections happened in Brazil.No one knew who the next president would be. When the results showed up,it was a victory for Julio Prestes,with almost 60% of the votes.Both sides claimed that there was fraud,even the side that won the elections.In the end,for lack of proofs,the elections were validated,and Julio Prestes was the next president.
File comment: Julio Prestes,the next president.
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In July 26, the fury of the Brazilian people was heard everywhere in the nation,as Joao Pessoa,Vargas VP, was assassinated by government agents.Vargas promised that he could not be forgotten,and the capital of Paraiba changed its name to Joao Pessoa.
In September,the president,Washington Luis,declared the "beheading"(expulsion of office and loss of political rights) of every congressman from Minas,Paraiba and Rio Grande do Sul.The answer was swift,as at the third of october, Minas Gerais,Paraiba and Rio Grande do Sul formed a armed uprising,and marched towards Sao Paulo.At the border between Sao Paulo and Parana,the batle happened,with a victory for the revolutionaries. Relying in the navy,president Washington Luis remained in power.
As the forces of Minas and Rio Grande arrived at Sao Paulo,in the 10 of october,Vargas made a manifest called" Rio Grande stands for Brazil" and took the train towards the capital Rio de Janeiro. At 23 of october,the admirals deposed Washington Luis as the revolutionary army was entering the capital,and seized power.At 24 of october,Vargas received its army at the palace,and as he complimented in General,Góis Monteiro,it started to rain,and a cold fog formed in Rio de Janeiro.
At 3 of November, 1 month after the start of the uprising,the military transfered the power to Vargas,as a absolute ruler. His first decision was to exile Julio Prestes and Washington Luis
On the first of January,1931 Grimarum was called to Rio de Janeiro,by the president himself.Arriving at the palace on day 4,he was greeted at the entrance by a smiling Vargas.As they both entered the presidential cabinet,Vargas said:"None of this was possible without you,i haven't forgot what you did for the revolution,without your approval,none of this would be possible."
Grimarum just replied:"the people did this,the people gave you support for the revolution,i just approved your candidature,which didn't gave you the presidency."
But Vargas didn't paid attention,and said:"I need to put this country in its wheels,i need competent people for this and i want you to rule over the Supreme Court".It was a dream for Grimarus,but he only agreed with the condition that,as soon as possible,Vargas should call the elections.
Two years later,Brazil didn't even had a constitution,which led to a revolution.Crushed by Vargas,but made the pressure to do it,and it was ready by late 1933.In 1934,Vargas was elected by the congress as the president until 1938.It was to be the return of democracy to Brazil,and for the first time ,a true one.But it never happened.
In 30 of september,1937,just 1 day before the elections, a plan was discovered,called "Plano Cohen", a communist plan to take over the power using terroist actions.At the same day,just 3 hours later,the congress gave emergencial powers to the president,which was used to ban the election,dissolve the communist party, constitution and the legislative branch,and impose a new constitution,that was already done.Feeling the smell of a planned coup,the Supreme Court didn't validated the changes.But it was for nothing,as Vargas held all three powers on him.The situation just got worse,as the new constitution was fascist,and Brazil was leaning towards the Axis.
At the August of 1939, one month before the expiration of the emergencial powers,the Supreme Court started its proceedings to remove them.All in vain.In the first of september,the war broke in Europe,which could means a renewal of the powers for Vargas by the legislative.Grimarum was one step ahead of this,and as the ruler of the Court,ordered the removal of powers.But the president was two steps already,and holding the legislative powers,gave himself the renewal,taking all the powers for himself for more time,and took all the offices of the Court,and ordering the exile of every of the judges,including Grimarum,which fled to Italia.
At the end of war,in 1945, Vargas said,to all the nation,that he was ordering elections,and giving total amnesty to everyone.This was the return of Grimarum to Brazil,and as the amnesty was total,he was again the ruler of the Court.At 25 of October,Vargas was overthrown,as the military thought that another coup was planned.This was the real coup,as the new president was Dutra,just a puppet for Vargas.
For the first and only time in history at this point,the recently formed United Nations intervened in the politics of a country,and ordered the resignation of Dutra in September of 1949.For the surprise of everyone,he agreed.No one in the congress could be the president,as everyone of them have the support of Vargas.As the constitution of 1933 determined,the new president was to be the ruler of the Supreme Court,in which case was Grimarum.Deemed honourable enough for the time he tried to strip Vargas of his powers,he was decleared acceptabe for the cabinet.In the first of october of 1949,he was declared the first president of the new Brazillian democracy,with the mission to do a new constitution for the 1 of January,1950.