Waring in Africa - Ethiopia: Lessons & Perspectives (SP)

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Waring in Africa - Ethiopia: Lessons & Perspectives (SP)

#1 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 04 2007

Below are some player perspectives on playing Ethiopia, drawing on mostly current SP play (and some prior playing the same country). I'll begin with initial forces and industrial abilities that are most critical, then transition to the actual fighting as the war effort begins.

WHY Ethiopia? First, it is one of the most challenging in Africa, other than Niger, because of its poverty level, sheer size and lack of resources. It is not a country for beginners (or those without alot of patience to get waring!). [For beginners, I recommend something like Guatemala or Honduras, which has both resources, but are small countries to manage
and no big competitors to worry about attacking you first!]

But first, the initial set-up.

ETHIOPIA is provided with the following in initial set-up:
Treasury: 425 million; Debt: 3.21 billion (BN); GDP: 700; Tech Level: 80; Domestic Opinion: 23%; Military Opinion: 50%.

What is most important? Treasury....unquestionably. You won't be able to keep it at this level and satisfy both Social Growth investment and Domestic Opinion demands. Don't try to.....let Domestic Opinion fall....use the LOCK function to local in 18 BN or so Social investment - then, build it up slowly as you can. In 2-years, hope to be at 23-25 BN (which is far below recommended, but unlikely you can afford industrial and military improvements if you are significantly higher, as Social will be consuming as much as 85-88% of your budget).

Military Forces: 39 Active battalions (Bn.), incl 15 Garrison Bn's.
Others: APC: 3 BTR-60; Recon: 3 BRDM-1; Tank: 2 T-62; 7 T-55 + 4 Reserve T-55; Arty: 2 M-46 130-mm; 2 BM-21 122-mm MRL; 4 ZU-23-2 AAA bn's.

Air Force: 0.5 Mig-29 Fulcrum (1/2 sdn; 9 airc); 1 Mig-23 Flogger; 2 Mig-21 Fishbed (27 airc) fighters; 1 C-130 (12) transport; 1 Mi-35 Hind attack helicopter.

Navy: 4 Patrol GABG-5 (generic patrol craft design); 1 Patrol Craft; 1 P-205U (OSA-1) missile patrol craft (PTG).

Mil Facilities: 1 Airstrip; 1 Sea Pier; 1 Military Outpost (Addis Ababa - old spelling). Military Outpost can built ground units; Airstrip and Sea Pier cannot build equipment without upgrading.

Equipment Build Options: (all army): Garrisons; Light Infantry; BMP-1; YW-531 Type 63, WZ-501 Type 86; BRDM-1 recon; tanks: Chinese Type 69, Type 59 and Russian T-62 medium + Chinese C-62 light (really recon type); BRDM-2 Anti-Tank (AT); Arty: M-46 (130-mm), D-30 (122-mm),
155-mm Towed (generic), M56 105-mm Pack howitzer; AAA: ZSU-57-2 tracked; Transport: Supply Truck.

INDUSTRIAL: one Timber, 1 Agriculture, 1 Consumer Goods, 1 Industrial Goods (8%) + 1 Military Goods (also low %) facilities. Research Fac: none.

RESOURCES: NO Coal, Petroleum, Ores. (Yuk!)


First, set your 1st year priorities. EXPORT (or trade with World Market) is a MUST for a low, impoverished country like Ethiopia.

Therefore, use existing monies to:
Civilian: build 1 Agric & 1 Timber Mil facility.
Military: build Military Outpost at Bahir Dar (NW Ethiopia on Sudan invasion route); then, begin new Airstrip at either Asmera or Bahir Dar.
Follow this with another Military Outpost on the road leading north out of Kenya....Kenya's invasion route to your capitol.

Research: I chose the Mi-2 Hoplite light helicopter. Reason: has both transport and attack (AT) options in its capability. It will take along time to build - almost 3-years likely - which is just about as long as it will take you to expand the Airstrip aty Adis Abeba (new sp.) to a Airfield category able to build aircraft, BUT you won't be given any aircraft designs to build at the beginning(!) :x

Without building a new Research Fac., you can only choose one military design and the Mi-2 had proved useful in the past in both AT and supply missions. Not robust by any means, but best you have from optional designs offered. [Save the Mig-19 fighter design for later research.]

I did not build Ground equipment, because over the first 3-years, World Market will offer you a variety of new equipment - when offered at "0" (zero) cost, TAKE IT!. Otherwise, generally pass up on these offers, which often are made when you are OUT of monies (or depressed)....and are often at the 400 million levels that you cannot afford to buy into.

Therefore, Lowest priorities are: naval base expansion; research; and airfield expansion.

MONEY Comments. During the first 2.5-3.0 years, try to keep above the 'red line' treasury debt at all times. otherwise you will get facility and unit delays in completion.

For military forces - in the case of Ethiopia - put the older stuff into Reserve status, including all T-55s, BRDM-1, BM-21 MRL, and ZU-23-2 AA
units. Keep the T-62 and BTR-60s active, and put the two Mig-21s into reserve. Keep all else Active. This will reduce your military costs. [Bring them back into Active service only a few months before you think you will go to war or someone else had declared war on you!]

Build Garrison units only when you don't have one in each town/city. Buld DEFENSIVE type units (Anti-Tank, Arty mostly) the first 1-1.5-years,
which will insure a better position if you get attacks after the 1.5-year period (AI will sometimes attack after this period, but some wars on your continent are likely to begin about 9-months into the game....watch them and see how differing units perform against other unit types).

You can have only 7 Bn's in a Hex (35-km) zone, but built Brigades of mixed types, focused primarily as Tank, Artillery, or Infantry types - with two or three units of alternative type. Huh? This mean a Tank brigade (bde) would have 4-5 medium tanks and then add 1 Tracked Arty + 1 AT Vehicle or a Anti-Air (ZU-57-2 or ZSU-23-4 Shilka) type vehicle within the brigade of seven units. Think of this as Combined Arms within the limits of SR2010...closest thing one can do to create in a single-type unit SR2010.

Monies for the first 3-years - plus priorities - will prevent you from sending Amry or Air Force units off to Training....;

in Foreign relations, use your agriculture, timber or other products to offer Grant aid (gift's) to neighbors who are beginning to go from green color lines to yellow....then comes red (that mean's war is coming!).
In the case of Ethiopia, South Africa and one of the West African countries will likely go yellow and then red on you. Don't worry about them at this stage.....maybe some quarterly Gifts (donations) to the West African country going adverse on you... because they are NOT on YOUR BORDER and the SR2010 AI for naval management DOES NOT send their naval forces to your coast to blockade imports/exports or to bombard or seize your ports!

For Research, this is a priority that (in my view) should come only AFTER you have expanded the to Airfield or Air Base level, Naval Base level, or army base capable of at least 6 unit build at the same time. Research facilities are very expensive, and priority should be placed on getting base manufacturing capabilities and military facility expansions first....
R fac's are also very long term in their building time, as is the time to go from Naval Pier to naval base levels. Therefore, plan ahead.

This is an intro to problems of Ethiopia....but has application to other countries that tend to be impoverished. Because they lack petroleum, coal and ore resources (or maybe have just one of above), they are also less likely targets of neighbors run by the AI. But, don't get complacent after 3-years....World Market has donated or offered alot of equipment to your neighbors in the interim and caution is required, along with judicious use of donations of goods (timber, agric, commodities, etc) that can offset their tendency to go to war with you.

IF your Domestic Opinion remains below about 33-35%, you won't be able to negotiate Treaties, but don't worry about it if you are impoverished - you have other priorities for your Treasury and Social spending (that must be forces to lower levels just to keep treasury above the red).

Strategic Perspective: At the 3-year point, Ethiopia has remained - and chosen - to stay out of war. Sudan is the 400-lb guerrilla to the north - set up your defenses to deter him - and Kenya +Somalia are the weaker options to consider going after. However, Kenya Federation has no viable resources that will help you (no coal or ore for example)....so, forget it and deal with Sudan. Sudan is rich in OIL and this will translate to wealth and flexibility in the future for your economy and military.

Build first a defensive force in the first 2-2.5 years, then transition to an offensive military force, backed by good production ability at your army bases and a future ability to build aircraft and naval ships. Then, when you are ready - or the AI / Sudan takes the initiative - your are ready to fight! :o

[Updates will follow in time....as developments warrant.]

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#2 Post by Lightbringer » Mar 04 2007

A very well written and thought out synopsis. It has been awhile since I started a new game, and your AAR has me missing those start up problems to deal with. :)
"Socialism is a philosophy of failure, the creed of ignorance, and the gospel of envy, its inherent virtue is the equal sharing of misery.” -Winston Churchill

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P.S. Research Unit note

#3 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 04 2007

P.S. As an added note, on review of the chosen Research Unit type, on Feb. 15th - a month short of the 3-year mark in the game - a switch was made in the Unit type for research: fm Mi-2 Hoplite to AVLB Bridging (generic) unit.

Why? First, about one-third of the Mi-2 is now completed.
However, the issue of attacking - or being attacked by Sudan appears more imminent than before. Sudan is marked by rivers of significant size -Nile for one! - that 'channels' operations if one is attacking northward out of Ethiopia, or as a counter-attack if one can blunt his first blows. This greatly helps the Sudanese defense and complicates any offensive Ethiopia might mount.

Because the Mi-2 takes so much longer - about 3 times as long as the AVLB bridging unit - the AVLB will be completed before expected completion date of the new R Center. Start date (March 15, 2017) for our first R Center is the plan. This would add 3 unit types + the original one (total: 4) available in about 9-months. By completion of the new R Center, Ethiopia would then be able to begin a naval and air unit design, plus compete the Mi-2 Hoplite helicopter.

Ethiopia has bought via a mix of cash and commodities, a couple Unit designs from Libya and Namibia, including most recently the 2S19 Nona
120-mm SPG vehicle; two recent World Market design offerings (taken) include the Heavy Supply Transport and B-11 Recoiless Rifle units.

At this point, Ethiopia has fair Army unit building abilities: 6 units at Adis Abeba and one each at three other Mil Outpost facilities. IMPORTANT: despite this, STAY FOCUSED on what you NEED and what is IMPORTANT is developing your ground forces.....don't wander off just building something to be building units! :lol:

Progress on Ethiopia's first new-built Industrial Goods facility is @ 36-days to completion, and SeaPier-to-Sea Port (offering up to six vessel construction) is @ 40-days out; when both complete, it will be a major relief on our daily Treasury demands. That will free up funds for a new R Center to be built.

As expected, World Market came through with the first offer of Aircraft on Feb 15th - two NC-1L transport units. Ethiopia still lack any designs, though Adis Abeba Air Base can now built aircraft if given designs.

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Views on African Wars - Moroc - Libya & So. Africa - Nam

#4 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 05 2007

Morocco vs Libya:

Again (as it was noted on another's African game post...), Morocco declared war against Libya about the end of the 9th month from start of game.

Both side conducted very limited offensives, along three axis: northern borer area west of Tunis; central sector between towns of El Oued and Ouargla; and southern sector - west of Libya's oil fields NW of Awbari City.
In all cases, they fizzled out within the first or two.

Three years into the game, the war continues at a slow pace, mostly with minor Moroc efforts against the Libyan town of El Oued - defended by 1xEngineer, 3xCaesar and 1x2S19 arty units.

To the south, Moroccan town of Ouargla - defended by 1xGarrison, 1xVBC-90 and 1xZPG-2 AA unit - has been the site of most Libyan minor efforts to take the city - which has traded hands a number of times in the war.

STRATEGIC SITUATION. Libyan forces are concentrated in the following areas: TUNIS, Gafsa Base, and Az-Zawiyah / Tarabulus cities, with
more minor forces maintained at Tobruk (adjacent Egyptian border w/mostly Scud msl concentration) and Al Jawf (SE, adjacent Sudan border).

Libyan Air Force is mostly at Tunis: Mig-29 (1), Mirage F.1C (1), Mirage V (1), Mig-25 Foxbat (1), C-130 (4); and, Az-Zawiyah AB (Alpha Jet (1), PZL W-3W (3), Mi-8 (1) and Mi-17 (1) - the PZL were probably World Market offerings.

Moroccan air force is about same size and capability.

Naval forces are slightly tipped towards Morocco, but not significantly:
Moroc: F-730 Floreal FFL (2), Koni FFL (2), Descubierta FF (1), Kilo SS (2).
Libya: Koni FFL (1).....both have numerous PTG and PC craft, @ equal numbers - this is at the 3-year mark.


1] AI can be characterised as follows:
* focus on defense - minimal offensive efforts, when such operations could easily have taken either small cities of more importantly, resources (oil).
* Engineer units get the greatest focus of new units being built for both armies and are the most common unit used in attack operations, often without heavy unit support.
* The AI overbuilds Air Defense units - particularly SAMs - to an excess.
* Air Forces do not fly against each other's air bases or most units, unless the ground unit comes without one or two hex (70-km) of air base.

The view of Battlegoat on this is clearly that aircraft are too valuable to loose.....this is not how air force pilots and planners view war operations!
There are frequent opportunities to cripple offensive operations of an enemy with the right use of air attack and helicopter units, but the AI is not programmed to do this.


This should have been a cake-walk for South Africa, particuarly to take Windhoek in the west of the Namibian Federation. Three years into the war, South Africa continues to "nibble" at Windhoek, usually with one or two armoured units (often a tank & engineer or APC + light armoured unit). In the meantime, Namibia has scads of heavy SAMs and SA-7 units that are highly vulnerable to coordinated tank-infantry attack.

First, South Africa has at anytime during the first 2-years of the war, overwhelming quality of weapons: Mk.1A Olifant medium (105-mm L7) tank, VBC-90 A/C, FH-2000 arty, Lch Truck - LACM, Cheetah C/D fighter/bomber and CSH-2 Rooivalk attack helicopters.

At no time does the AI sortie the CSH-2 attack helicopters to partake in the capture of Windhoek (Namibia), which is the initial main objective city of the South African campaign in the western badlands.

Most of the South African force concentrations are around Kimberley Base - mostly FH 2000 arty and launch trucks for LACMs. Most of the Air Force is concentrated at Pretoria - 10 Cheetah C/D F/Bmb, 3 CSH-2 helos, C-160 Transall (1), NC-1L (2) transports.

Lesser forces are concentrated in Queenstown Base (facing eastern zone of Namibia), Durban/Epuhalanga, Capetown-Pearl-Somerset West cities. Naval forces are really not an issue, though overwhelming force exists for South Africa that could control the Namibian coast (but of really no purpose except to engage land forces in coastal hexes, as there is no Blockade function in SR2010).

I've seen "prickly" attacks by South African units against Windhoek and around the Lovely Hydro Dam areas, but consistently seen these minor sorties destroyed (or retreat) with consistent loss of valuable Mk.1A Olifant tanks, VBC-90s, etc.

NAMIBIAN forces are concentrated near Windhoek - in the hexe zones around the city the following groups include:
* 2 x SA-10B SAM, 5 D-20 152-mm arty, 1 Mi-35 Hind
* 3 SA-8 Grail + 1 SA-16 Gimlet SAM
* 3 D-20, 1 BM-21, 1 SA-10B SAM
* 1 M-46 (130-mm), 1 155mm Basic, 1 ZPU-4 AA
* 1 M-46, 1 B-11 RR, 1 SA-7, 1 Garrison
* 1 Airborne Elite, 1 D-20 arty + 4 Supply Trucks
* 1 155-mm Basic, 1 F.A.R.P. Crew, 2 SA-16 SAM

On ops, outside the city is one M113A1 APC.....

other concentrations, not so numerous are at Bulawayo, Harare, Chibuto/Choke/Xia-Xia, Tsumeb (Afld is 1xJ-7 Chengdu interceptor).
All of these are logical 3-6 units, generally.

Namibia AI also failed to concentrate early efforts at taking and holding the oil fields to the cities south, when it had T-54/-55 tanks and other vehicles, having also squandered most of them in minor attacks here-and-there across the whole front. :cry:

On balance, the AI should function to represent the dominant quality of equipment held by South Africa, and it does not.

In addition, the Namibian forces, while no more numerous thatn their opponent, failed in focusing operations against what would be a most logical objective: the oil fields (take'm and hold'm).

In both cases, the AI fails to concentrate forces Regiment-levels, much less more necessary Brigade levels if one is on the offensive. :cry:

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War Begins for Ethiopia - Kenyan Campaign (SP)

#5 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 10 2007

War came to the Ethiopian's on Oct 11, 2017.

Kenyan Federation (Kenya and Somalia) declared war via the AI. No premeditation. No advanced decline in State-to-State relations - in fact, the little relations bar line was hardly moved fm left-to-right (all green).

October 11 observations:

* KENYAN FORCES. Kenyan forces were not in border or forward-deployed positions. Most Kenyan forces were in Kenya proper, with an average of two units in each Somali city, except Mogadishu which has a dozen-plus units. On the northern Kenyan border, forces in Marsabit were the nearest Ethiopia.

Somalia-area garrison generally consisted of one Garrison and one Light Infantry unit, with a couple Engineer units on Patrol.

Kenya's military appears to have been all AI allocated and provided equipment from Offers. [Clue to this came from earlier foreign relations efforts to buy equipment designs fm Kenya, but had none....valid or not observation.]


In production: 2 T-62, 1 Mi-2 Hoplite, 2 PZL W3-W transport.
Placed into Production: 2 Lt. Infantry; 2 BRDM-2 AT; 2 2S1 Gordzdika SPG and 2 2S19M SPM; 2 Supply Truck and 1 Hvy Supply Truck.
[This put Ethiopia's Mil Goods (MGds) just beyond current limit with one MGds facility.]

Plans to modernize a Commerical Gds plant were put on hold and a MilGds plant was begun instead. Ethiopian Treasury was @ 1.2 BN at start of war and just short of Social spending recommendation, with DAR at @ 23% and rising due to recent increases in social spending. [Will post screen shots saved later...]

Ethiopia's main front was always viewed as against Sudan, whose units are almost spilling-over the border! Ethiopia's best tanks (T-62) and other equipment was deployed in this zone; older vehicles generally kept to deploy against Kenya and Somalia zones, incl. T-55, BRDM-2, etc. Most older equipment (BRDM-1, BTR-60, BM-21 MRL, etc) largely kept in Reserve.

Artillery's best - 2S1 SPG, 2S19 SPM and Caesar SPG were largely deployed for defensive ops against a Sudan attack. Redeployments of some units began immediately to Somali-Kenya border - with MilOutpost or MilBase (Addis Ababa) mobilized all reserves at their facilities, other than keeping most SA-2 Guideline and SA-7 Grail in reserve. No immediate air threat envisioned [due to weak AI management of air assets].



* Attack on Djibouti:
Kenyan Defenders: 1 Lt Infantry, 1 Garrison
Ethiopian Attack: 3 YW-531 (+1 joins) APC, 1 C-62 Lt Tank
Support: 2 2S1 SPG, 1 2S19 SPM, 1 Supply Truck.

Battle: One day artillery and APC assault results in death of both defending units and capture of town early Oct 13th. No attacker losses, but C-62 Lt Tank withdrawn before capture when @ 50% damaged - showing weakness of vehicle design [which is more a Recon vehicle than tank ala PT-76].

* Attack on Berbera:
Kenyan defenders: 2 Lt Infantry, 1 Garrison
Ethiopian Attack: 3 T-55, 1 MT-LB Support: 1 2S1 SPG, 1 BM-21, 2 Supply Trucks.

Battle: Artillery placed in second hex away - behind attacking tanks + APC - to provide distant arty support. Garrison first died, followed by one Lt Infantry; second Lt Infantry destroyed by arty during retreat out of town. Reinforcements from Djibouti attack did not make it to battle before Berbera falls Oct 13th (Day 3).

* Naval Battle off Berbera: Ethiopia navy deployed southward - 1 Osa-I, 4 FABG-5 PC and 1 PC (generic). Kenya had 1 x P-3121 Madaraka PC offshore and in short battle, Madaraka was destroyed.


* Operations north of Lodwar town & Attack on Lodwar.

This area is terrain restricted, north of town at the northern lake area and due to Tanzanian border nearness. Lodwar town defending Engineer moved northward on Day 2, as we cross border fm MilOps fac located 100-km north of border (newest fac built specifically as staging and supply source against southern Sudanese border area).

First Battle, north of Lodwar:
Kenya Defender: 1 Engineer;
Ethiopian Attack: 2 T-55, 1 Lt Inf, 1 BTR-60, 1 BRDM-2 AT. Support: 1 BM-21 (122mm) MRL.

Engineer initially did well holding up attack but withdrew toward town and joined north of town by Lt Infantry - apparently town had reserve Garrison which showed up before final battle with Eng. & Lt. Infantry destroyed both north of town.

Before attack on Lodwar, Ethiopian reinforcements incl 2 Mi-2 Hoplite and 1 PZL W3-W transport helicopter; Mi-2s were used in final attack on Kenyan Eng & Lt Infantry units.

During this period, it became apparent that Tanzania may have granted Land Transit Rights to Kenyan forces, some of whom deployed northward and west of Lodwar city; before Lodwar Garrison was overrun, battle began as a Kenyan Engineer unit crossed border from Tanzania. Ethiopian forces redeployed 1 T-55, Lt Infantry, BTR-60 units, combined with helo attacks, eventually destroying the Kenyan engineer unit.

Ethiopia Air Transported from Addis Ababa a Garrison unit to our MilOutpost, reinforcing Garrision unit built there after based was finished.
Both began land transit (walk baby walk :x ) to man Lodwar and provide for future garrison to power plant located to south, when it is seized.

Notice of Kenyan casualties thus far: 37,400.

Kenya Front & Observations:

War in this area, along the main route from Kenya's capital was expected to be the main center of war operations during the first couple weeks of war.

Our broad strategy was to establish two Front's: one, representing Somalia, the second, the main front of operations centered initially on Marsabit city.

Somalia Front would focus initially in taking the northern towns of Berbera and Djibouti, then move east to take port, then south to Mogadishu. By this time, reinforcements could be brought into this front, mostly from mobilized T-55s and some reinforcement with 2S1 and BM-21 arty units.
The main focus of his forces is at Mogadishu, a wide mix of tanks, air defense, arty and apparent transport aircraft. Expecting 5-7 days ops to reach this objective. Due to extended range from bases in Ethiopia, this area needs supply help, and we've brought in Hvy Supply Truck's and used a C-130 Hercules out of Addis Ababa routinely to resupply.

Kenya Front: main line of Kenyan offensive is likely along the road north and eventually south of Marsabit city. We'll concentrate most of our quality tanks (T-62) and arty along this front to defeat forces coming along this axis, with Mi-2 used whenever possible to aid ground fight. Helo has some attack capability; PZL W3-W is useful for transport/resupply only.

One T-62 Brigade will come from Addis Ababa; later, a second T-62 Brigade will be brought from Sudan Front to continue operations south of Marsabit (if all goes well :lol: ).

Small town of Wajir to east of Marsabit will create second front but basically part of main front zone of operations, as would be Garoowe and Bandarbeyle towns/small cities. Operations on this front are expected @ Oct 14th, as Kenyan forces have begun deploying north of Barsabit.

OBSERVATIONS. Before the Battle for Marsabit began, four BRDMs deployed north out of the town to engage us across our border. We met them with a mixed force from a Small MilBase built well north of the border, along with a Airstrip near a Agric Fac in the area. These were built because distance on this front from Addis Ababa is so far. Airstrip aircraft basing was 1xMig-21 Fishbed, two PZL W3-W until reinforcements were brought in from Addis Ababa: 1 x Mig-23 Flogger f/b, 2 x NC-1L transports, and 2 x Mi-2 Hoplite and 2 x PZL W3-W helicopters.

The AI deployed these BRDM-1 or -2 recon vehicle northward, but quickly they went "out of gas" - red lined :cry: - as did other Kenyan units - maybe 15-18 vehicles moving northward west of Marsabit toward poss. enroute to Lodwar.....but unable to get far, because ALL ran out of gas!

This is a major problem apparently with AI management of forces - why move them when there is no gas? Kenya apparently is Critically Short of Petroleum (to use the email notice term). While we have no such shortages - and no oil fields to develop - Ethiopia has kept its treasury up the last three months in order to slowly increase Social spending, yet keep budget in balance and with reasonable reserve (created by selling Agric, Timber, Commerical Gds and sometimes small amounts of MilGds).
This allows Ethiopia to apparently "buy" fm AI (set on AutoBuy) POL....and "keep moving".

* Battle North of Marsabit:
Kenya Defenders: 4 x BRDM-1
Ethiopian Attack: 3 T-55, 1 BTR-60; Support: 1 2S1 SPG, 1 2S19 SPM

BRDMs, out of gas, became sitting ducks but a hard fought battle lasting one-day plus on Oct 13th. With air attacks from Mi-2 and couple Mig-23 f/b attacks, resulted in 2 BRDM-1s destroyed by mixed fire fm attacking ground forces + Mi-35 getting final credit for destroying 2 damaged BRDMs; second pair of BRDMs tried to withdraw and were destroyed by tank fire. :o

Kenyan Reinforcements: along the main road, Kenyan reinforcements were deployed as the battle north of Marsabit continued; comprising: 2 x
BMP-1, 1 WZ-501 APC, 2 BRDM-2 vehicles (all red lined for lack of fuel).

Ethiopian forces continued the battle towards Marsabit to engage 'second' line of resistance; this included above Ethiopian forces above plus a couple added vehicles: 2-3 T-62, BRDM-2 AT, 1 more 2S1 and 2 x Caesar artillery units.

Second Battle North of Marsabit: with reinforcement in artillery, judicious attacks by Mi-2, Mi-35, and couple Mig-23 sorties, second days battle against Kenyan forces eventually destroyed all the five vehicles in this deployed, conducted with a final "charge" by all the tanks and APCs of Ethiopia for a close-quarters battle!

* Battle of Marsabit:
Kenyan Defenders: 2 BMP-1, 1 WV-531, 1 BTR-60, 1 Garrison.
Attackers: (above vehicle and support force).

Ethiopian mobile forces deployed in hex immediately north of two, with artillery off-set to provide distant support....arty chewed up this force as expected, with final destruction in most cased by either Mi-2s or tank fire.
At this point, one Mi-2 had been reduced in strength @ 40% and was withdraw from battle for Repair's.

Another 'road block' force of Kenyan forces was deployed south of Marsabit as the city battle raged. A battle for Wjir was also ongoing to the east.....

* Battle for Wajir:
Kenyan Defenders: 2-3 BRDM + 1 Engineer.
Ethiopian Attack: 3 BMP-1, 1 BRDM-1; Support: 1 2S1 SPG, 1 Caesar, 1 Truck Supply - with late battle reinforcement with 1 BRDM-2 AT arriving.

Most of the battle was conducted north of town and resulted in destruction of all but one BRDM that withdrew southwest. Battle of Garoowe also began during this period and Bandarbeyle was seized when the towns defenders had already been destroyed and two unoccupied. One Mig-23 strike destroyed a damaged Engineer unit during this fighting.

During this fighting on the 14th, Ethiopian forces regrouped into Marsabit when it was taken. Because of a 'third line' of resistance south of Marsabit, there was no interruption in fighting between seizure of Marsabit and fighting to the south.

* First Battle South of Marsabit:
Kenyan Defenders: 1 x T-55, 1 x Engineer, 1 x Lt Infantry, 1 x BMP-1, 1 x YW-531 APC; 3 BRDM-1 recon.
Ethiopian Attack: (regrouped forces in Marsabit city) 6 x T-62, 1 x T-55, 1 Lt. Infantry, 1 BRDM-2 AT; Support: 1 2S1, 2 Caesar SPG, 1 BM-21 MRL w/escort of 1 x T-62 and 1 x BMP-1. Arty support moved to east of town, parallel in order to accommodate the large concentration of mobile forces already in town.

Some Mi-2, Mi-35 Hind, and Mig-23 strikes were part of the general battle for this, along with resupply efforts by 2 x NC-1L transports, W3-W helo transports. More forces moving into area from Sudan Front not yet in battle. A small battle to destroy 1 Kenyan Engineer unit that moved northward on the east side of the long lake involved mostly Ethiopian reinforcements deployed off the main road from Addis Ababa, eventually destroying the unit with 2-3 tank/APC and with 1-2 arty units in support.
Minor distraction to main battle for Marsabit and the road leading south....

Defenders were destroyed with artillery and direct fire from Marsabit defenders, in a wild shoot out :o . When the battle ended, the immediate zone south of Marabit was cleared - about 2-3 hexes deep - but three lines of Kenyan vehicle remain SW of town but have not attempt to engage (red lined - out of gas!).

------ [war operations fm Oct.15th have not yet been conducted....]

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Fighting continues....

#6 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 10 2007

Fighting on Oct 16th and 17th remained concentrated along the main road into Kenya. It was also the site of the heaviest fighting to date, while smaller battles continued in extreme northwest Kenya, and in smaller towns of the Somali zone.

Ethiopian forces forced Kenyan forces back from Marsabit about 100-km and a Somali light infantry unit is dug-in between the Kenyan's and Ethiopian forces surrounding Marsabit city. Forces engaged on the 17th included: (Kenyan) 2 Lt. Infantry (1 dmg), 1 VW-531, 1 BMP-1, 1 BTR-60, 1 WZ-501 Type 86 and 1 Vickers Mk.3 medium tank (this is the first time this 105-mm gun medium tank has been encountered). ALL Kenyan units are Red-Lined - out of gas!

A Kenyan thrust through the NW corner of the country, across the northern Tanzanian border - and now extending across the Sudan border ! - has been accomplished by 2 BRDM-2 units, while 1 Lt Infantry, 1 BTR-60 and 1 BRDM-2 unit, are engaged with our forces west the northern extreme of the lake. Our offensive southward has been stalled and forced to engage these forces that have cross Tanzania and Sudan, in order to protect the small MilOutpost located north of there. We have also diverted some artillery and armour headed southward along the main route to Marsavbit city to reinforce this side zone of operations....

Treasury: 329 million; Debt: 7.23 BN
GDP: 1,226 (up fm 700 start)
DAR: 25% & increasing; Mil Approval: 59+% & rising
Social Spending: 85,000 m. Recommended: 78,800 m.
Cultural approval: 61% & rising (up fm 35% at game start)
Unemployed: 2.3% - Immigration & Emmigration: about even
R&D Spending: 2,700 Recomm: 1,995
Research Projects: (Basic) Basis Missile; (Units) AVLB (generic), C-131H
transport; PC Patrol naval craft.
Production of Units: (same as reported above, except 2 PZL W3-3 helo
transports completed). Mil Gds too high to begin producing other units.

[An update report, beginning on Oct 18th will follow on another post]

Posts: 1286
Joined: Jun 08 2005

New War Plan K-1002 Issued

#7 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 12 2007

On Oct 18th, Ethiopian authorities revised the existing Kenya War Plan K-1001 and replaced it with a revised K-1002 plan. The basis for the change was to revised a pre-war developed plan and replace it with one representing ongoing war operations against Kenya.

The main feature of the new war plan guidance is the revision of military objectives during the coming week(s) of operations against Kenya. This is one major feature: revising the operational objectives of forces in the field. Operationally, the decimation of Kenyan forces along the main road access to their capital has allow for revisions as to how to proceed to defeat Kenya and prevent Tanzanian or other countries to benefit from a future collapse of Kenyan government - potentially gaining valuable units and land.

Specifically, the new objectives are: 1] 2nd Armoured Bde will continue move southward to the power plant (advanced units already there on 19th) and move directly to the border town areas of north Lake Victoria;
2] second, combined brigade will continue moving SE toward Mombasa port, sealing off the border areas to the east of Lak Victoria; 3] main artillery forces will continue the advance north of capital, engaging and destroying any units. The effort will be slow and methodical, timed to allow Objectives 1] and 2] to be attain first, effectively sealing off Kenya from intervention by others or gain by other's with the country's collapse;
4] last, continue the southward movement along the Somali coast, using the Ethiopian mixed brigades (two) to crush opposition at Mogadishu (last objective on the Somali coast; then, those forces will rapidly move south to take remaining coastal towns north of Mombasa and if possible, augment the Mombasa attack force before the final assault there takes place.

Fighting continues east of southern Lake Turkano (Rudolf), with remnants of the Kenyan thrust up the SE side of the lake. Several units are engaged - about six, mostly APC and recon remain - and are being engaged by a mixed force of a couple T-62 tank units and artillery.
[Kenyan units there are Red Lined and believed 'out of gas']

Major forces surrounding the capital and to its north are mostly air defense units, which will not stand up well against heavy artillery bombardment, along with 2-3 units of mixed engineer and garrison units in most smaller towns throughout the remainder of Kenya.

The extent of future operations envisioned above is likely to be about one week to twelve days in duration. The seizure of the northwest border with Lake Victoria will be accomplished first. No effort to take the capital is planned before Mombasa port is secured and the northern border east of Lake Victoria is secured. Many early units withdrawn during the first days of battle are now returning from repair and maintenance. Most of these units are being allocated the Central Front north of the Kenyan capital, which is in need of both tank and light armoured forces (APC) to reinforce existing artillery units.

No naval operations are envisioned until units can be relocated to Bender Pier, on the extreme northern corner of Somalia, which was seized after a hard fought battle late on the 18th.

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Battles Beyond Marsabit City

#8 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 12 2007

Fighting mostly centered south, east and west of Marsabit City on the main road link into Kenya.

As of Oct 17th, forces deployed by Ethiopia (and some details on Kenyan) were as below:
Ethiopian Marsabit City deployed: Artillery Group: 1 x C-83 MRL, 2 M-46, 1 x ZSU-23/4 Shilka AA; 1 x SA-2 Guideline SAM
south of Marsabit: 1st Armoured Bde (-): 4 T-62, 1 BMP-1, 1 Lt. Infantry, Spt: 1 M-46, 2 x 2S1 SPH, 1 Hvy Truck Supply unit;
east of Marsabit: 1st Armoured Bde (-): 1 T-62, 1 T-55, 2 BRDM-2, 1 BRDM-1; Spt: 1 2S1 SPH, 1 2S19M SPM, 1 Hvy Supply Truck;
West of Marsabit: Artillery Group 2 – 1 BTR-60, 1 BRDM-2; 1 2S1 SPH, 2 Caesar, 1 BM-21, 1 x ZU-23-2 AA

Wajir: (south of) 3 BMP-1 (1 Dmg @ 45%), 1 BRDM-2; 1 2S1 SPH, 1 Caesar, 1 PZL W3-3 transport helo.

Lake Turkano Air Base: 1 x Mig-23 Flogger, 1 x Mig-21 Fishbed (A/D), 1 x Mi-35 Hind, 4 x Mi-2 Hoplite, 1 x Mi-8, 2 NC-1L transport; Base Def: 1 WZ-551 SR-SAM, 1 Garrison.
Kenyan Defenders:
south of Marsabit: (engaged) 1 Vickers Mk.3 medium tank, 2 Lt Inf (1x50%), 1 VW-531, 1 BMP-1, 1 BTR-60, 1 WZ-501 Type 86.

west of Marsabit: (Group 1) 3 WZ-501 APC, 2 BMP-1 IFV
(Group 2) 1 x C-69, 1 x T-62, 1 x T-55, 1 BMP-1, 1 x WZ-502, 2 BRDM-1
(Separated Group) 3 C-59 medium tanks + 1 VW-551 APC.
[some or all of above had been engaged during last two days fighting]

Meku City: 3 VW-531 Type 63, 1 MT-LB, 1 Garrison

Deployed inside Tanzania-Sudan border: 2 BRDM-2, 1 Lt Infantry
(Engaged) 1 Lt Infantry, 1 BTR-60, 1 BRDM-2

Events: Oct 17th:
1] Bought VBC-90 armoured gun system vehicle from Morocco.
Kenya runs out of oil again;
2] Kenyan Engineer units destroyed. Cities of Qandala and Garissa fall to Ethiopian forces;

Oct. 18th: Bender Pier falls – last bastion of Kenyan forces on the north Somali coast. Posted Kenyan casualties: 16,800. Kenyan forces ‘out of gas’ throughout theatre of operations.

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Joined: Jun 08 2005

Battles and Encirclement of Nairobe (19-25 Oct 2017)

#9 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 13 2007

War continues in the heartland of Kenya and comes to a conclusion along the Somalia coastline.

This weeks operations have seen the heaviest of fighting as Ethiopian forces attempt to fulfill the objectives of War Plan K-1002: the encirclement of Nairobe, completion of operations on the Somali coast, and seizure of Mombasa port. By late-25th, two of the three objectives had been attained and at one point, so had the third objective.

A major fight for control of Mogadishu, defended by about fifteen Kenyan units, raged for three days. With a varied mix of defenders, including engineer and a couple medium tank units, the defenders could not withstand the withering artillery support that Ethiiopian forces brought to the battlefield. Amply supported by Heavy Supply Trucks & Supply Trucks,

Ethiopian ground forces were also supported in from Addis Ababa Air Base
with the air forces only long-range transport unit: a C-130 Hercules. (The othe two transport units - NC-1L - are more medium-range and were dedicated to the Kenyan Front.) Both attack (Mi-2) and transport (PZL W3-3) helicopters, plus periodic Mig-23 Flogger air strikes were conducted whenever possible to support battlefield operations.


To fulfill the War Plan K-1002 operational directives, it was viewed that two major efforts would have to be mounted: a tank-led, brigade-sized armoured force moving toward the Kenya-Tanzania border region on the west side of Lake Victoria, and, a second mixed brigade force to move southward on the east side of Nairobi and move directly to Mombasa Port.

Augmenting this effort would be fighting to take Mogadishu, anchor of power on the Somali coast. It was viewed that once this fighting was concluded, the same units could be used to clear the Kenyan coast of small cities, and some units could be re-allocated to either the Mombasa effort (if not concluded), or toward encirclement on the NE side (that is in fact what is happening on Oct 25th).

In addition, there remains a Kenyan force of isolated and cut-off armoured forces, out of gas and held in place on the southeast side of Lake Turkano (Rudolf), under constant artillery bombardment by a Ethiopian artillery regiment. Due to supply limitations, this Kenyan force has not been able to withdraw due to lack of fuel. [At this point, Ethiopian headquarters is happy allow this situation to continue, as these units might well fall into our hands once Nairobe forces collapse.]

* Western Nairobe Front: the 2nd Tank Brigade effort focused on reaching Kitale City, after seizing the Hydro Dam (X: 199 Y: 118) on the 18th. Once the T-62s caught up with the initial BMP-1 unit seizing the hydro-electric dam, the "push for the border" followed, against persistent and heavy fighting. Ethiopian T-62s numbered five bns at this point and were able, with a following artillery regiment to chew through three defending battalions in and around Kitale city. One engineer unit came out to engage before we reached the city - and quickly overwhelmed.

Over the next three days, the 'border operatons' continued with seizure of first Eldorset City, then Kakemega, Kisumu - followed on the 24th of Kericho and Kisii cities. This concluded the objectives of seizing the border area northwest of Lake Victoria. On the 24th and 25th, the coal plant (X: 200 Y: 124) was also seized, followed by Nakuru City.

In the northern sector, Nyeri city - north of Nairobe - fell on the 23rd but remains in a 'no-mans land'. Kenyan forces cannot seize it wth nearby infantry defenders and we see no practical reason to expose units in the city at this time.

* The Road to Mombasa: a mix tank-armoured vehicle forces made the pincer movement between Nairobe and the coastal towns, with minimal opposition. Only one Engineer unit came out to challenge the brazen move, that being a unit that moved northward along the road from Mombasa. After some fearce fighting, including an engagement with a Caesar artillery unit escorted by a BRDM-2 unit, reinforcement reached the scene and destroyed the threatening unit. Two days of fighting followed for Mombasa, defended by a Garrison and Light Infantry unit.

An Ethiopian BRDM-2 AT unit initially engaged in fighting for Mombasa was withdraw after moderate damage and sent to the border, and then to move westward to insure control of the border with Tanzania. The unit was temporarily able to cut off Nairobe forces with the border, but intense Kenyan 2S1 Gvozdika shelling forced its withdrawal. A narrow link currently exists with this border, and it is hope two BMP-1 units coming from the west can close this link (again).

The Nairobe Air Strip was temporarily occupied and aircraft there were destroyed (as apparently were two C-130s at Mogadishu during fighting there). While we control the zone, we withdrew three T-62s that initially occupied the airfield after intense fighting with Elite Airborne infantry surrounding the airfield. For now, Kenya has only 1 x MD-500 light helicopter unit (made one attack on a withdrawing T-62) and no airfield for fixed-wing aircraft.

* Nairobe Defenders: Nairobe is heavily defended. Most SAM units are on the northern side of the city, with a couple SA-2 and SA-7 Grail units to the south. Most heavy artillery - largely 2S1 units - are located on the southern side - nearest the Tanzania border - with heavy concentrations of Kenyan Airborne Elite infantrymen (numbering about 20 bns!) located most on the east side (obviously stationed there because the Nairobe Air Strip was on this side of town), but scattered in single units throughout the defending 'circle' around the town. Kenya also controls 1 Commerical Good plant, and 1 Coal Power Plant within this circle, and the Nairobe Military Base - but, maybe of great importance, no longer has an industrial or military goods plant. [The Industrial Goods Plant at X:205 Y: 122) is in Ethiopian control]

* ETHIOPIAN Forces: At this point, Ethiopian units withdrawn early in the campaign are beginning to return to service, after repair or resupply.

Ground forces include: 158 Active and 20 Reserve (SA-2 & SA-7 SAM);
Air units: 22 Active and 5 Reserve, plus 6 naval units (no change; all but the PC Patrol unit moved to Ben-der Pier on northeast Somali coast).
Active Personnel: 188,604 - Reserve: 267,162.
Military Effectiveness: 88%
Enemy Kills: 165; Losses: 8 units.

Production includes: 5 Days: 2 x Supply Trucks;
6 Days: 2 x S19M1 Nona SPM;
8-9 Days: 2 x T-62 MBT; 14-15 Days: 2 x Lt. Infantry and 1 Heavy Supply Truck; 19-20 days: 2 x 2S1 Gvozdika SPH, 1 Lt. Infantry unit.
61 Days: 1 x Mi-2 Hoplite helicopter.

Production Plans: 2 x Engineer, 2 x VBC-90 anti-tank vehicles - none can be ordered for maybe two weeks or so, as MilGoods in 'over-demand' state and probably only make matters worse until new construction facility is completed and seized plant near Mogadishu can be returned to service (@ 14-days).

In the immediate week ahead, it is anticipated that further units from the Mogadishu-Somali front will begin to arrive, putting greater forces on the northeast side of Nairobe. With extensive artillery support, it is hope that some of the extensive (@ 12 bns) of enemy airborne elite infantry can be reduced and recontrol of the Nairobe Air Strip can be re-asserted.

No major operations are planned; continued surrounding Nairobi will be sufficient, with our effort focused on improving existing units, etc with some redeployments.

* AI Critique:
One of the anomalies is that AI provided nearly all the countries equipment units. Some of this is 'imbalanced' allocations. For example:
Kenya has 20+ Airborne Elite bns, but had only 2 x C-130 Hercules - and neither were deployed at the same locations. This to me seems an over-building or over-allocation of 'offers' of Airborne Elite.

One would have expected if it is Kenya - and this applies to all Africa except South Africa - that a greater percentage of unit even a decade from now would be Garrison or Light Infantry....Ranger-equivelent Airborne Elite seems out of character (even in 2010!). While interesting, it had done little for Kenya, because it was unable (or failed) to launch large-scale airborne operations - and had only two C-130 units....while
these two air units could have airlifted alot of units to some interior Ethiopian location, the Kenyan air force lacked any fighters [P.S. -see below] to accompany them and the C-130s would have been nice prey for Ethiopian Mig-21 or Mig-23 intercept if they ventured too close to Addis Ababa or other city with airfield.

Still, interesting operations could have been undertaken, but none were.

The Ground units seems to perform much as I would have expected. Engineers seem to fight better than most other infantry units, especially when in the offensive (the AI loves to do this!), but are less effective under artillery bombardment than are Light Infantry (maybe because of their light armoured vehicles that are part of these units).

The Mig-23 Flogger has not been able to launch missile air attacks beyond its rated attack range, in part as Ethiopia lacks AGMs (and, does not yet have FreeFall Bombs yet either). More specific Mig-23 variants are included in SR 2020, which will improve players ability to use this aircraft in its specific Intercept and F/Bmb roles more effectively.
P.S. Post-Kenya collapse, it is not Kenya did have a single squadron of F-5E Tiger II fighters, apparently destroyed at Nairobe Air Strip sometime during the fighting and only noticed later on review of game screens of various days battles.

The Tiger II range would not likley have allowed it to reach Addis Ababa for escorting C-130s from Nairobe, but it could have if redeployed to Mogadishu. The AI would have had to run a two-stage operation: 1] getting C-130s to Nairobe to pick up Airborne Elite, ferry them to Mogadishu, then ordered them to drop points around Addis Ababa - where there were many juicy targets, incl the airfield if the Ethiopian player was asleep at the radar!
Last edited by geminif4ucorsair on Mar 13 2007, edited 1 time in total.

Posts: 1286
Joined: Jun 08 2005

Collapse of Kenya and the Days After

#10 Post by geminif4ucorsair » Mar 13 2007

Ethiopian forces on the remaining hours of Oct 25th and early-26th concentrated on seizing three remaining Kenyan coastal cities:
*Jamaame (1 Lt Infantry, 1 Engineer, 1 BRDM-2);
* Kiemaayo: (1 Garrison, 1 Engineer, 1 B-11 RR);
* Laam (1 M113A1, 1 Engineer, 1 B-11 RR).

Forces moving south after the seizure of Mogadisho allocated a four APC assault force, with rear area support fire from an artillery brigade of mixed types (Caesar, 2S1 and single BM-21 MRL). After a days fighting,
Jamaame final defenders were killed (the Lt Infantry unit attempted to escape but was destroyed earlier by tank fire). The BRDM-2 succumbed in the streets first, with the last unit being the Engineer unit.

On collapse of Jamaame city on the first part of Oct 26th, Ethiopian forces moved quickly to begin assaults on both Kiemaayo and Lamm. Only the beginnings of a battle had begun - and KENYA COLLAPSED.

All forces (but one medium tank unit along the border to the south of Nairobe) surrendered. Shortages of fuel and provisions kept all Kenya units from moving for the next day but Ethiopian units gradually got everybody moving to new locations, dispersal of forces - including relocation of one tank and two artillery brigades to positions in Ethiopia's north - suitable well to the rear of any Sudan assault.

For the remainder of the month, Ethiopia continued the re-organization of forces. Some forces will now be required opposite the Tanzanian border.
Three Kenyan patrol craft survived the war - all three were the Brooke Marine 37.5-meter "Madaraka" (P 3121) class patrol craft. Because of long-term concern for Sudan, the the Osa-I PTG and four patrol craft of the Ethiopian navy were redeployed to home waters, stationing only one "Madaraka" and on Patrol Craft (generic) at Ben-der Pier on the tip of Somalia.

Seizure of Mombasa went well and the naval pier there was not damaged but a decision on enlarging the facility so close to the Tanzanian border has not been decided. Preferable would be a naval pier at Mombasa, later expanded to a naval base. This is because our patrol craft and PTG cannot operate between Ethiopia and Mombasa (range) and are stretched at reaching Ben-der Pier from Ethiopia. Enlarging the Ben-der Pier might be a usable solution also.

Once the great demand for Military Goods declines with completion of unit repairs, both Ethiopian and former Kenyan, some adjustments in future units built might follow the planned order of 2 VBC-90 anti-tank etc.

First priority will become Foreign affairs, to impove relations with Sudan and Tanzania - already begun, to avoid a near-term war. We need to rest and repair many units, plus get some units off to training (if affordable with expected increase in Social demands, and getting the Kenyan Industrial Goods and Industrial plant's back up to respectable levels (below 15%... :cry: ). That's the plan, anyway.

AI Critique:

Unit Design: Seems that the conquering power should be some benefit from the other countries Design's in Research....and, those already in their possession. It seems logical if a R Center falls, alot of the records, blueprints, and computer records would be seized, and therefore, the existing ship, vehicle, and aircraft designs the other power could already build would - at least in part - fall into the new owners possession.
Maybe existing - already researched and buildable designs - could be placed in a "Partial Researched" status, where by 30-90 (max) days would be required to regain the designs.

Those designs in Research, might be handed over "as is", however many days remain to be researched.

That is not the case currently, and should be changed for SR2020.

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